Maintain good nutrition, hydration & fitness1.
Nutrition: Poor nutrition can lead to weakness, frailty and falls. Nutrition is key to maintaining functionality and independence among older adults 2.
Hydration: Dehydration can lead to dizziness, fainting and low blood pressure which may put older adults at risk for falls3.
Functional Fitness: It’s important to stay active to improve and maintain balance, strength and mobility. Focus should be on functional movements that can also help improve strength, balance, agility and coordination.
Medication Management and Falls Prevention: Ask your doctor or pharmacist to review your medications and assess if any increase your risk of falling. Medications include prescriptions, over-the-counter medicines, herbal supplements and vitamins4.
Footwear: Footwear selection can help prevent falls. Choose well fitted shoes with slip resistant soles to wear inside and outside the home. Discard loose, worn or backless slippers. Proper footwear should include a high back or collar to support the ankle and have a heel height lower than one inch1.
1 Public Health Agency of Canada, 2015
2 Canadian Physiotherapy Association: Physiotherapy.ca
3 UnlockFood.ca (formerly EatRightOntario.ca)